Butterflies and Moths of Sri Lanka

Family Lycaenidae Blues and Hair-streakers


Lycanidae

PAGE[1] PAGE [2] PAGE [3] PAGE [4] PAGE [5]

Featurs of Family Lycaenidae

1. Very small to medium size butterflies. characteristic by their metallic colours (Picture 01), quick flight and greate affinity for sunshine

2. Many members have one, two or three pairs of hair-like 'tails' (hair-streaks)

  3 pairs of hair-streaks   sinle pair of hair-streaks
  Picture 02.a - three pairs of hair-streaks   Picture 02. b - one pairs of hair-streaks

3. Forelegs in both sexes are slender.

4. Sex marks appear on the wings of males in some genera as

  • either sex brand and associated hair tufts
  • or microscopic androconial scales

5. Generally females have rounder forewing than males.

6. Females have duller upper surface and broader distal margin than males

  Painted Lady  
  Picture 02. - Chilades lajus male has narrover distal margin than female.  

7. Sometimes sexual dimorphism is intense and both sexes are completely different.

8. Many Lycaenidae show seasonal dimorphism.

9. Larvae are onisciform (woolouse-shaped); with or without hairs, many larvae prefer to feed at night.

  Lime Blue Larva   Lime Blue Pupa
  Picture 04.b. - onisciform (woolouse-shaped) larva without hairs (Lime Blue - Chilades lajus lajus).   Picture 04.c. - Lycaennidae Pupa (Lime Blue - Chilades lajus lajus)

 

10. Food plants belong to various families are hosted.

 

Family Lycaenidae in Sri Lanka

There are 85 species in Sri Lanka with eight endemic species

Table. Number of Species from each genus

Genus Group
Number of Species
Endemic
Acytolepis  Hedge Blues
2
Arhopala Bushblue/Oakblues
4
1
Azanus Babul Blues
2
Chilades Cupids/ Lime blue
3
Jamides Cerulians
5
2
Nacaduba Six Lineblues/ Four Lineblues
8
2
Prosotas Lineblue
3
Rapala Flash
4
Spindasis Silverlines
5
1
Tajuria Royals
3
1
Tarucus Pierrot
2
Udara Hedge Blue
3
1
Virachola Guava Blue
2
 
Other  
39
 

Species Account

>>> Click here

           
Indian Cupid Everes lacturnus parrhasius  
 
Indian Cupid   DISTRIBUTION
-
Up to 1500 m.
  SIMILAR SPECIES
-
None
  STATUS
-
Uncommon
  HABITS
-
 
  FEEDING PLANTS
-
Family Fabaceae
       
       
 
 
 
   
           
Plains Cupid Chilades pandava lanka
 
Plains Cupid   DISTRIBUTION
-
Wet zone up to 1000 m.
  SIMILAR SPECIES
-
Small Cupid, Gram Blue
  STATUS
-
Common
  HABITS
-
 
  FEEDING PLANTS
-
Cycas spp. [Madu]
       
       
 
 
 
   

PAGE[1] PAGE [2] PAGE [3] PAGE [4]PAGE [5]

 

 

Class: Insecta

Order: Lepidoptera

Sub-order: Ditrysia

Super Family: Papilionoidea

Family: Lycaenidae

 
male Scent patch
Picture 01. Metalic colours of licaenidae
 
 

 

 
 
 
Lycanidae male and Female
Picture 03. - Generally females have rounder forewing than males
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Copyright © 2006-2010 - Design, Developement, Photography and Text by Tharanga Aluthwattha