Butterflies and Moths of Sri Lanka

 

Family Papilionidae Birdwings and Swallowtails


Papilionidae

PAGE [1] PAGE [2] PAGE [3]

Featurs of Family Papilionidae

1. Large to medium size butterflies. Most showy and coloureful butterflies.

2. The largest butterflies (Birdwings) belong to this family.

3. All six legs well developed and fit for walking

4. Cell closed in both wings.

5. Palpi small, probosis well developed, antennae short and stout, sometimes scaled (Graphium).

 
Blue Mormon
 
  Picture 02. - Papilio polymnestor. Notice the well developed probosis, short and stout antennae, well developed six legs and closed cell.  

5. In some species the hindwing has the tornus extended in to tail, hence the common name 'Swallowtails' given to this family.

6.Generally sexes are similar and some species have sexual dimorphism; in a few species female is polymorphic.

7. In males of some species the margin of hind wing is folded and possesses secondary sexual organs.

8. Larvae of all the species have an extensible fleshy forked organ called an osmeterium in the first thoracic segment.

9. Food plants belong to Aristolochiaceae, Rutaceae, Lauraceae and Umbelliferae (in Sri Lanka).

 

Family Papilionidae in Sri Lanka

There are 15 species in Sri Lanka with two endemic species

Table. Number of Species from each genus

Genus
Number of Species
Endemic
Chilasa 
1
Graphium
3
Pathysa
2
Papilio
5
Pachliopta
3
1
Troides
1
1

Species Account

>>> Click here

 

...............................

Class: Insecta

Order: Lepidoptera

Sub-order: Ditrysia

Super Family: Papilionoidea

Family: Papilionidae

 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Crimson Rose Mating
Picture 02. Crimson Rose [Pachlioptera hector] mating
 
 
           
Ceylon Rose* Pachliopta jophon jophon
 
Ceylon Rose   DISTRIBUTION
-
Low country wet zone
  SIMILAR SPECIES
-
Common Rose, Crimson Rose
  STATUS
-
Rare, Endemic
  HABITS
-
Unpalatable
  FEEDING PLANTS
-
Aristolochia indica [Sapsanda-S]
       
       
 
 
 
   

..PAGE [1] PAGE [2] PAGE [3] >>

Danaidae   Satyridae   Nymphalidae   Pieridae   Lycaenidae   Papilionidae   Hesperiidae  Other     << PREVIOUS || NEXT >>


Copyright © 2006-2010 - Design, Developement, Photography and Text by Tharanga Aluthwattha