Butterflies and Moths of Sri Lanka

 

Family Pieridae Whites and Yellows/ Whites and Sulphurs


Pieridae

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Featurs of Family Pieridae

1. Small to medium size butterflies, with light ground colour hence White and Yellows

2. All six legs are well developed and fit for walking.

3. Seasonal variations are very high. Congregate together in large number for mud. sipping/ pudling.

4. The cell is closed in both wings

5. Some genera exhibit secondary sexual characteristics

  • In Ixias and Valeria androcornial scales are present
  • In Catopsila and Eurema there are sex brands on hindwing and/ or forewing
  • In Appias there are abdominal tufts of secondary sexual valve

6. In general sexes are similar. But some members show marked sexual dimorphism and mimicry

7. Take a part in migration and is very pronounced.

8. The larvae are generally green, cylindrical and smooth, sometime with long or short hairs.

8. Food plants belong to Leguminocae, Capparidaceae, and Loranthaceae.

 

Family Pieridae in Sri Lanka

There are 28 species in Sri Lanka with one endemic species

Table. Number of Species from each genus

Genus Example
Number of Species
Endemic
Appias  Albatross
5
1
Catopsilia Emigrants
4
Cepora Gulls
2
Colotis Salmon Arab/Tips
5
Eurema Yellows
5
1
Ixias Orange Tips
2
Other
5

Species Account

>>> Click here

 

 

 

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Class: Insecta

Order: Lepidoptera

Sub-order: Ditrysia

Super Family: Papilionoidea

Family: Pieridae

 

 
 
Albatross - Mud sipping
Picture 02. - Appias sp aggregate on wet soil for mud sipping / mud puddling.Picture was taken at the riverbank of Kluganga - Pallegama (Knuckels range).
 
 
 
Yellow

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